The cancer tissue page shows antibody staining in 20 different cancers. The assay and annotation is described here.
This page starts with information about the protein evidence and, when applicable, also protein class. Below the summary, a selection of four standard cancer tissue samples is displayed as representative of the overall staining pattern. From left: colorectal cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer and lung cancer. An additional 5th image can be added as a complement.
Disease related genes, Enzymes, Plasma proteins, Potential drug targets, Predicted intracellular proteins
Evidence at protein level
The cancer tissue summary page shows antibody staining in 20 different cancers. The assay and annotation is described here.
For each cancer, the fraction of samples with antibody staining/protein expression level high, medium, low, or not detected are provided by the blue-scale color-coding (as described by the color-coding scale in the box to the right). The length of the bar represents the number of patient samples analyzed (max=12 patients). The images and annotations can be accessed by clicking on the cancer name or protein expression bar. If more than one antibody is analyzed, the tabs at the top of the staining summary section can be used to toggle between the different antibodies. The tooltip function displays additional data for the features in the staining summary view.
Next to the cancer staining data, the protein expression data of normal tissues or specific cell types corresponding to each cancer are shown and protein expression levels are indicated by the blue-scale color coding.
At the bottom of the page, a summary of the overall protein expression pattern across the analyzed cancer tissues as well as information about literature conformity are presented.
Weak to moderate cytoplasmic staining in all malignant tissues.
Gene information from Ensembl and Entrez, as well as links to available gene identifiers are displayed here. Information was retrieved from Ensembl if not indicated otherwise.
PARK7 (HGNC Symbol)
Parkinson protein 7 (HGNC Symbol)
Entrez gene summary
The product of this gene belongs to the peptidase C56 family of proteins. It acts as a positive regulator of androgen receptor-dependent transcription. It may also function as a redox-sensitive chaperone, as a sensor for oxidative stress, and it apparently protects neurons against oxidative stress and cell death. Defects in this gene are the cause of autosomal recessive early-onset Parkinson disease 7. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
The protein browser displays the antigen location on the target protein(s) and the features of the target protein. The tabs at the top of the protein view section can be used to switch between the different splice variants to which an antigen has been mapped.
At the top of the view, the position of the antigen (identified by the corresponding HPA identifier) is shown as a green bar. A yellow triangle on the bar indicates a <100% sequence identity to the protein target.
Under the antigens, the maximum percent sequence identity of the protein to all other proteins from other human genes is displayed, using a sliding window of 10 aa residues (HsID 10) or 50 aa residues (HsID 50) (read more).
If a signal peptide is predicted by a majority of the signal peptide predictors SPOCTOPUS, SignalP 4.0, and Phobius (turquoise) and/or transmembrane regions (orange) are predicted by MDM, these are displayed.
Low complexity regions are shown in yellow and InterPro regions in green. Common (purple) and unique (grey) regions between different splice variants of the gene are also displayed (read more), and at the bottom of the protein view is the protein scale.
The protein information section displays alternative protein-coding transcripts (splice variants) encoded by this gene according to the Ensembl database.
The ENSP identifier links to the Ensembl website protein summary, while the ENST identifier links to the Ensembl website transcript summary for the selected splice variant. The data in the UniProt column can be expanded to show links to all matching UniProt identifiers for this protein.
The protein classes assigned to this protein are shown if expanding the data in the protein class column. Parent protein classes are in bold font and subclasses are listed under the parent class.
The Gene Ontology terms assigned to this protein are listed if expanding the Gene ontology column. The length of the protein (amino acid residues according to Ensembl), molecular mass (kDalton), predicted signal peptide (according to a majority of the signal peptide predictors SPOCTOPUS, SignalP 4.0, and Phobius) and the number of predicted transmembrane region(s) (according to MDM) are also reported.
Q99497 [Direct mapping] Protein deglycase DJ-1 V9HWC2 [Target identity:100%; Query identity:100%] Epididymis secretory sperm binding protein Li 67p
Enzymes Peptidases Cysteine-type peptidases Predicted intracellular proteins Plasma proteins Disease related genes Potential drug targets Protein evidence (Kim et al 2014) Protein evidence (Ezkurdia et al 2014)
GO:0000785 [chromatin] GO:0001933 [negative regulation of protein phosphorylation] GO:0003713 [transcription coactivator activity] GO:0003729 [mRNA binding] GO:0005102 [receptor binding] GO:0005507 [copper ion binding] GO:0005515 [protein binding] GO:0005634 [nucleus] GO:0005737 [cytoplasm] GO:0005739 [mitochondrion] GO:0005747 [mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I] GO:0005829 [cytosol] GO:0005886 [plasma membrane] GO:0006469 [negative regulation of protein kinase activity] GO:0006508 [proteolysis] GO:0006517 [protein deglycosylation] GO:0006914 [autophagy] GO:0006954 [inflammatory response] GO:0007005 [mitochondrion organization] GO:0007265 [Ras protein signal transduction] GO:0007338 [single fertilization] GO:0008134 [transcription factor binding] GO:0008233 [peptidase activity] GO:0010273 [detoxification of copper ion] GO:0010628 [positive regulation of gene expression] GO:0010629 [negative regulation of gene expression] GO:0016532 [superoxide dismutase copper chaperone activity] GO:0016605 [PML body] GO:0016684 [oxidoreductase activity, acting on peroxide as acceptor] GO:0019172 [glyoxalase III activity] GO:0019243 [methylglyoxal catabolic process to D-lactate via S-lactoyl-glutathione] GO:0019249 [lactate biosynthetic process] GO:0019899 [enzyme binding] GO:0019900 [kinase binding] GO:0019955 [cytokine binding] GO:0030424 [axon] GO:0031397 [negative regulation of protein ubiquitination] GO:0032091 [negative regulation of protein binding] GO:0032148 [activation of protein kinase B activity] GO:0032435 [negative regulation of proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process] GO:0032757 [positive regulation of interleukin-8 production] GO:0033138 [positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation] GO:0033234 [negative regulation of protein sumoylation] GO:0034599 [cellular response to oxidative stress] GO:0036470 [tyrosine 3-monooxygenase activator activity] GO:0036471 [cellular response to glyoxal] GO:0036478 [L-dopa decarboxylase activator activity] GO:0042743 [hydrogen peroxide metabolic process] GO:0042802 [identical protein binding] GO:0042803 [protein homodimerization activity] GO:0043066 [negative regulation of apoptotic process] GO:0043523 [regulation of neuron apoptotic process] GO:0043524 [negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process] GO:0044388 [small protein activating enzyme binding] GO:0044390 [ubiquitin-like protein conjugating enzyme binding] GO:0045121 [membrane raft] GO:0045340 [mercury ion binding] GO:0045944 [positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter] GO:0046295 [glycolate biosynthetic process] GO:0046826 [negative regulation of protein export from nucleus] GO:0050681 [androgen receptor binding] GO:0050727 [regulation of inflammatory response] GO:0050787 [detoxification of mercury ion] GO:0050821 [protein stabilization] GO:0051091 [positive regulation of sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity] GO:0051444 [negative regulation of ubiquitin-protein transferase activity] GO:0051881 [regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential] GO:0051897 [positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling] GO:0060548 [negative regulation of cell death] GO:0060765 [regulation of androgen receptor signaling pathway] GO:0070062 [extracellular exosome] GO:0070301 [cellular response to hydrogen peroxide] GO:0070491 [repressing transcription factor binding] GO:0090073 [positive regulation of protein homodimerization activity] GO:0097110 [scaffold protein binding] GO:1900182 [positive regulation of protein localization to nucleus] GO:1901215 [negative regulation of neuron death] GO:1901671 [positive regulation of superoxide dismutase activity] GO:1901984 [negative regulation of protein acetylation] GO:1902236 [negative regulation of endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway] GO:1902903 [regulation of fibril organization] GO:1902958 [positive regulation of mitochondrial electron transport, NADH to ubiquinone] GO:1903073 [negative regulation of death-inducing signaling complex assembly] GO:1903094 [negative regulation of protein K48-linked deubiquitination] GO:1903122 [negative regulation of TRAIL-activated apoptotic signaling pathway] GO:1903135 [cupric ion binding] GO:1903136 [cuprous ion binding] GO:1903168 [positive regulation of pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase activity] GO:1903178 [positive regulation of tyrosine 3-monooxygenase activity] GO:1903181 [positive regulation of dopamine biosynthetic process] GO:1903190 [glyoxal catabolic process] GO:1903197 [positive regulation of L-dopa biosynthetic process] GO:1903200 [positive regulation of L-dopa decarboxylase activity] GO:1903202 [negative regulation of oxidative stress-induced cell death] GO:1903206 [negative regulation of hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death] GO:1903208 [negative regulation of hydrogen peroxide-induced neuron death] GO:1903377 [negative regulation of oxidative stress-induced neuron intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway] GO:1903384 [negative regulation of hydrogen peroxide-induced neuron intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway] GO:1903599 [positive regulation of mitophagy] GO:1990381 [ubiquitin-specific protease binding] GO:1990422 [glyoxalase (glycolic acid-forming) activity] GO:2000157 [negative regulation of ubiquitin-specific protease activity] GO:2000679 [positive regulation of transcription regulatory region DNA binding] GO:2000825 [positive regulation of androgen receptor activity] GO:2001237 [negative regulation of extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway] GO:2001268 [negative regulation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic signaling pathway]